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Last Nov. 8, the Supreme Court decided that former president Ferdinand Marcos deserves to be given the honor of being buried in the hallowed grounds of the Libingan ng mga Bayani on the basis of a policy that allows soldiers to be buried in that cemetery. What could have been a historic opportunity to make a decision upholding human rights and justice turned into an ignominious and supreme injustice to the Filipino people.
Marcos was not an ordinary soldier; he was a tyrannical dictator who imposed martial law on the Philippines and unleashed a reign of terror for 13 years, leaving on its wake the murder, torture and rape of thousands of Filipinos who resisted the dictatorship. His ill-gotten wealth for his family and friends robbed the Philippine government of billions of pesos and continues to be the object of investigation and court proceedings here and abroad. By dismantling the democratic institutions of the country during martial law, he plunged the country into its lowest political, economic and cultural abyss.
To this day, the Marcos family has neither shown any remorse nor admitted guilt despite the global condemnation of the massive human rights violations committed by their patriarch. With arrogance and impunity, they have initiated a campaign to distort history, reinvent the Marcos years as the golden years in Philippine history, and declare Marcos as a national hero. In this project, the Supreme Court has proven to be an effective accomplice.
To honor him as a hero is mocking the thousands of victims who died and those who were tortured and continue to suffer because they fought and resisted the dictatorship;
To honor him is to say that the massive human rights violations committed by the Marcos regime with impunity; the unprecedented plunder of our country’s resources and the destruction of our democratic institutions never really happened in our recent history;
To honor him as a hero is to deny that the Filipino people exercising their sovereign will, ousted the dictatorship for his crimes against the people during the 1986 People Power Revolution;
Lastly, to honor Marcos is to dishonor the dignity, legitimacy and the very credibility of the Supreme Court itself as an institution that stands for fairness and justice.
We urge the nine Supreme Court justices who supported this decision to reflect on the impact of their decision on the thousands who died and those who are tortured and are reliving their suffering and to consider the future of the Supreme Court, whose credibility has been seriously eroded because of this unjust decision.
As an institution of learning that values VERITAS (truth), peace, justice and the integrity of creation, we will continue to promote an enlightened and critical understanding of the struggles of Filipinos against martial law and the historic redemption of our freedoms and human rights in the People Power Revolution where Maryknoll/ Miriam College was an active participant.
We promise to promote Philippine history from the prism of those who struggled to fight for democracy and not from the revisionist version of those who are now trying to systematically distort and conceal the brutal realities of the past.
We commit ourselves to always remember and never forget the bitter lessons of the past so we can continue to build a future for the next generations based on respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and dignity of the Filipino people.
PROF. AURORA DE DIOS, executive director, Women and Gender Institute;
DR. JASMIN NARIO-GALACE, executive director, Center for Peace Education;
CARLO GARCIA, executive director, Environmental Studies Institute;
NIKAELA CORTEZ, president, Sanggunian ng mga Mag-aaral ng Miriam
Source: Philippine Daily Inquirer
The Miriam College-Women and Gender Institute conducted a Gender Sensitivity Training for the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) last November 23, 2016 at the Learning Media Center of the Middle School. It was attended by 27 election officers and lawyers coming from the NCR region, namely Caloocan City, Las Piñas City, Makati City, Malabon City, Manila, Marikina City, Muntinlupa City, Navotas City, Paranaque, Pasay, Quezon City, San Juan City, Taguig City, and Valenzuela City.
The training team included Prof. Aurora Javate De Dios, WAGI executive director; Dr. Socorro Reyes, president of Center for Legislative Development (CLD); and Stella Eloisa Fong, program coordinator, Gender Fair Education. The participants shared that they were “truly educated” after the training, and that the lecturers, approaches, and methods of the training were excellent.
The sessions the participants found most interesting were, “The Magna Carta on Women and its Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) with special focus on Political Participation”, and “The use of Gender Fair Language”.
The Women and Gender Institute (WAGI) through its Gender, Peace and Security Project funded by the US Department of States conducted a training workshop on Gender Responsive Planning and Budgeting for ARMM offices and LGU officials last October 19 to 21, 2016 at Discovery Suites Hotel.
Led by the training team composed of Prof. Aurora de Dios, Melanie Reyes, and Cecilia Fantastico, the workshop aimed to increase knowledge on gender and development among ARMM agency and LGU officials, identify gender issues/needs in local governance and in LGU organizations, determine the areas of opportunity where women in the community can engage with and generate inputs to ARMM agency and LGUs’ 2018 Gender and Development (GAD) plans. Other invited speakers include Luvy Villanueva from the Philippine Commission on Women who discussed economic opportunities for women and Atty. Twyla Rubin of the Commission on Human Rights who shared the Gender Ombud Guidelines in relation to mandates concerning the utilization of the GAD budget.
The training was attended by 27 participants representing ARMM’s Office of the Regional Governor, Office of the Regional Vice Governor, Department of Interior and Local Government, Regional Commission on Bangsamoro Women and the Office of Southern Cultural Communities as well as representatives from Provincial Local Government Units of Sulu, Basilan, Maguindanao, and Lanao Del Sur.
WAGI and the Women’s Peace Collective (WPC) convened a research workshop for its research project on Political and Economic Participation of Women in ARMM on October 22 to 23, 2016. The productive workshop was able to refine the research objectives, methodology and survey instrument as well as identify the research site and sample population. Participating research coordinators came from various universities and NGOs in Mindanao, such as the Western Mindanao State University, Mindanao State University, Ateneo de Zamboanga University, Al-Mujadillah Development Foundation, Inc., and Kapamagogopa, Incorporated.
The workshop is part of the Gender, Peace and Security Project handled by WAGI with support from the US Department of State.
Miriam College - Women and Gender Institute (WAGI) and the Women’s Peace collective (WPC), formerly known as the Women’s Peace Table (WPT), will be launching several publications on October 21, 2016, 2:00 PM to 4:00 PM, Discovery Suites, Columbus, 42nd Floor, ADB Avenue, Ortigas, Pasig City.
These publications are the Gender, Peace, and Security Infopack, The Peace Journey: Stories of Women from the Women’s Peace Collective (WPC), Women, Peace and Security: Increasing Participation of Women in Conflict Areas in Mindanao: End of Project Report, and the Baseline Research on the Issues and Status of Women in Mindanao. Additionally, a short video documentary presentation will be shown.
The Women’s Peace Collective (WPC) is a network of women’s organizations, professionals, community leaders, and individual peace advocates working towards peace and justice. The organization recently finished a project supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) entitled, “Women, Peace and Security: Increasing Participation of Women in Conflict Areas in Mindanao”. Through this project, WPC was able to build a national constituency for peace among women and different strategic groups (such as business, media, youth, religious, legislature, and the academe) in support of the Bangsamoro Peace agreement; develop the capacity of women peace negotiators, peace builders and peace advocates to ensure a gender responsive Bangsamoro Basic Law; and localize the implementation of the Philippine Action Plan for Women, Peace and Security (NAP-WPS) in USAID’s six selected conflict-affected areas in Mindanao namely, North Cotabato, Basilan, South Basilan, Lanao del Sur, Sulu, and Zamboanga.
For more information, please contact Ms. Jing Dacayo or Ms. Mel Reyes at telephone numbers 435-9229 and 5805400 ext. 3590, or email us at and .
Around the world, both in Muslim and non-Muslim communities, Muslim women’s rights have been the subject of a great deal of debate. While many feminists have criticized sharia (Islamic law) as restrictive for women, many have also defended Islam as the sponsor of women’s rights.
My parents brought us up believing in personal liberties and equality. After all, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) married his employer, Khadija, who became one of his trusted advisers. My sisters and I therefore grew up believing we could attain whatever future we wanted for ourselves. There was no special treatment for sons -- only for achievers. Women have been elected as heads of state in Muslim-majority countries like Pakistan, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Turkey, Maldives, and Azerbaijan long before the United States has.
The wave of democratization that swept the Islamic world after the Arab Spring has been blocked. After encouraging images of young women standing shoulder to shoulder with young men in Egypt’s Tahrir Square, bravely facing a dictatorial government, we now see the evolving portrait of a government more oppressive towards women and minorities. Some young women died fighting for their freedom in Libya and in Syria. Today, we have the picture of an un-Islamic ISIS, claiming to be THE champion of Islam, evoking horror with their beheading of prisoners and abuse of their own women.
More rigid interpretations of Islamic jurisprudence -- not too friendly to women -- have gained the upper hand in the newly democratized states. Thus, Muslim women leaders must engage the state and the religious leaders to define a more just, legal framework for both women and men.
This past week, we have been fortunate to have an internationally renowned Muslim jurist in our midst. Dr. Azizah al-Hibri, Founder of Karamah, an organization of Muslim women lawyers for human rights, and professor emerita at the T.C. Williams School of Law at the University of Richmond, has spoken at forums in Mindanao and Metro Manila on the state of women’s rights and the Islamic worldview. Thanks to the US Embassy for acceding to my request to bring Dr. al-Hibri to our shores as a Visiting American Scholar.
The first Muslim woman law professor in the United States, she has written extensively on women’s issues, democracy, and human rights from an Islamic perspective. Her essays have appeared in a variety of publications, including the University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, the Harvard International Review, and Fordham International Law Journal.
In 2011, President Barack Obama appointed her to the US Commission on International Religious Freedom for a two-year term. Most recently, she had delivered the Ramadan Lecture before the King of Morocco, the first Muslim woman scholar so invited.
I would describe Azizah al-Hibri as a modern day jihadist, one who has embarked on a personal struggle in devotion to Islam especially involving spiritual discipline to reform society. This is the greater jihad. Western media has hijacked the term jihad to mean armed warfare. Armed struggle, in defense of faith and community, is the lesser jihad.
Dr. al-Hibri blames patriarchal thinking and Muslim women’s lack of education for the oppressive interpretation of Islam on women’s rights. While Islam sought to liberate women, patriarchal thinking has brought about the inequalities faced by women in society, not by faith. Culture must be separated from faith as Islamic law is interpreted.
During her lectures at Miriam College last Wednesday and at the University of the Philippines College of Law on Thursday (co-organized by the Philippine Center for Islam and Democracy), she emphasized that many verses in the Qur’an have been interpreted by men to favor men. In marriage for instance, men are taught that they are superior to women and thus must be followed by women. However, the Qur’an does not say that men are “superior” to women. Rather, it says that men are “caretakers” of women who are in need of assistance.
Dr. al-Hibri also spoke about minority rights and Islam, citing what she terms as “one of the most visionary documents in the history of Islamic praxis” -- the Madinah Charter. Executed by the Prophet Muhammad on the one hand, and the various Muslim and Jewish tribes on the other, the charter defined the relationship between faith and freedom, which shed further light on the verse in the Qur’an that states: “There shall be no compulsion in religion.” (2:256)
The Charter is the first written constitution, intended to establish a plural society, giving equal rights to every citizen including participation in governance. Further, the Charter introduced a form of government that adhered to the shura system (parliamentary system) where citizens can give opinions, even if these contradict the ruler’s opinions. These are the foundations for a democratic society. It is therefore strange that the practice of Islam in most Islamic countries today has enshrined authoritarian rule.
She also explains that the Qur’an repeatedly states that the core of Islam is Justice, saying that the notion of Justice is explained throughout the Qur’an to be a restorative one based on compassion and forgiveness, not a distributive one whose only goal is to punish.
The Madinah Charter devised a special legal structure to protect the religious liberty of the diverse religious tribes and to promote peace in the community. According to Dr. al-Hibri, the Prophet devised a “federalist” model, for Muslim and Jewish citizens alike, preserving and protecting each group’s own identity, customs, and internal relations. “All members of the “federation” were then joined together in common defense and peace making.”
As we in the Philippines embark on the road towards federalism, we in Muslim Mindanao should discuss the Madinah Charter and find our inspiration therein.
Change has to happen from within. If President Rodrigo R. Duterte and his federalist movement truly want positive change to happen, they cannot impose the will of the majority on Muslim Mindanao. It must come from the heart of the community. Federalists should best study the Madinah Charter and incorporate it into their discussions.
Amina Rasul is a democracy, peace and human rights advocate, president of the Philippine Center for Islam and Democracy.
SOURCE: Business World Online > www.bworldonline.com/content.php?section=Opinion&title=islamic-worldview&id=132182
Prof. Aurora Javate-De Dios, executive director of WAGI, attended the ASEAN Civil Society Conference/ASEAN People’s Forum (ASCS/APF) in Timor Leste last August 3 to 5, 2016.
The ASCS/APF is a regular forum of Civil Society Organizations in ASEAN-member states, which is held as a parallel meeting to the ASEAN Summit of Heads of State.
Prof. de Dios engaged in a conversation with women peace builders in conflict and post conflict situations in Southeast Asia. She shared the strategies used to get widespread support for the Philippines National Action Plan (NAP), including awareness raising in schools, interfaith dialogues, and capacity-building seminars. She also imparted valuable strategies on how to run and win elections.
“Women must be part of the peace process, they must be part of the decision-making, including those that are related to natural resource management,” she said.
Prof. de Dios is the Philippine representative to the ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC).
A training on Gender Responsive, Planning, and Budgeting (GRPB) was conducted last June 20-23, 2016 where 38 participants from various government agencies, academe, and civil society attended namely; Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) Davao, Bureau of Customs, Food Terminal Inc., Gender Wave, Marikina City Government, National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA), Office of the Solicitor General, Women and Reforms, Caraga State University, and Pangasinan State University.
The training was led by Atty. Claire Luczon as the GRPB Training Team Leader, Melanie Reyes, deputy director of WAGI, and Cecilia Fantastico, gender consultant of WAGI. The training was full of lectures and workshops that helped engage the participants in understanding and accomplishing Gender and Development (GAD) Budgeting. Within the four-day training the participants was able to learn basic GAD concepts, GAD Mandates, Gender Mainstreaming, and the best practices and challenges of Gender Mainstreaming from experts.
Resource persons included Atty. Claire Luczon, Cecilia Fantastico, Aurora Javate De Dios, executive director of WAGI, Atty. Leavides Domingo-Cabarrubias, International Studies Faculty of Miriam College, Assistant Commissioner Divina Alagon of the Commission on Audit (COA), Nharleen Santos of the Philippine Commission on Women (PCW), and Atty. Twylah Rubin of Commission on Human Rights (CHR).
After the seminar, the participants stated that the training fully met and/or exceeded their expectations. They specifically appreciated the method of teaching and the workshops done by the facilitators. One commented that the training used an “effective method of teaching”. Another claimed that the workshop, “made me deepen my understanding [of GAD], and think of projects that can mainstream gender”.
The Miriam College-Women and Gender (WAGI) conducted a seminar on Migration, Trafficking, Refugee and Asylum Issues last June 13-17, 2016 for MA students from the International Studies Department and Ph.D. Family Studies Graduate Program of Miriam College, Foreign Service Institute (FSI), Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA), and Migrants Desk Daughters of Charity. A total of 13 participants attended.
The team of lecturers was composed of Prof. Aurora Javate De Dios, executive director of WAGI; Dr Alvin Ang, Department of Economics Ateneo de Manila University faculty; Dr. Jean Franco of the Department of Political Science, UP Diliman; Ellene Sana, executive director of the Center for Migrant Advocacy (CMA); Jean Enriquez, executive director of the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women-Asia Pacific (CATW-AP); Ricardo Casco, National Program coordinator, International Organization for Migration (IOM); Atty. Francis Tom Temprosa, Commission on Human Rights legal adviser and International Studies Department Miriam College faculty; Golda Myra Roma, United Nations Development Program (UNDP); and Dr. Cristina Liamzon, Ateneo School of Government Adjunct Faculty. Nikki Jurisprudencia was the overall facilitator and coordinator of the training course.
Representatives from Canadian Embassy, Bryan Rappaport and the Department of Foreign Affairs Office of the Undersecretary for Migrant Workers Affairs (OUMWA), Maria Roseny B. Fangco also attended the seminar as guest speakers. Rappaport lectured on the Syrian refugee resettlement of Canada while Fangco highlighted the Philippine Migration Policy. A highlight of the former Overseas Filipino Workers were their stories of struggles and trials in a foreign land, surviving gender based violence from their employers.
Many of the participants expressed appreciation for pool of experts and the topics discussed at the seminar.
Last June 6-10, 2016, Miriam College-Women and Gender Institute (WAGI) conducted a training on Gender Fair Education for Gender and Development (GFE for GAD) for employees of the Philippine Army, Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR), and National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA). A total of 38 participants attended.
Led by Prof. Aurora de Dios, executive director of WAGI and Stella Eloisa M. Fong, research associate and Training Administration and Gender Fair Education coordinator, the training team included: Anna Dinglasan, co-convener of CEDAW Youth; Atty. Christine Lao, International Studies faculty and coordinator of the IS Bureau; Dr. Noel C. Racho, Miriam College Human Resource director; Lynda Garcia, CAS faculty; Liza Garcia, program coordinator of Gender and ICT, Foundation for Media Alternatives; Dr. Carol I. Sobritchea, chair of the Technical Panel for Gender and Women’s Studies of the Commission on Higher Education; Atty. Carmelita P. Yadao-Sison, focal point for CHED-GAD; and Melanie Reyes, deputy director of WAGI. Dean Rica B. Santos graced the occasion through her welcome remarks.
Different topics were presented to the participants, among them were: Gender and Peace Education, Magna Carta of Women, Sexual Harassment in the Workplace, Cyberbullying, Social Media Ads, Women’s and Human Rights Education in the Philippines, GAD direction for the HEIs, Non-Sexist Language, overview of Gender Budgeting and Planning, and Gender Statistics, to name a few.
Participants considered the training as “relevant to our needs,” and suggested to “continue to advocate the GAD Programs in all government and private agencies.” One participant also said, “My understanding about GAD was fully guided by the lecturers. I am a changed person realizing that I have to be gender sensitive and should help GAD be cascaded to my agency.”